Dry loading surfaces and keep them clean and do not heat them
Before fertilizers are loaded, the loading space or loading surface must always be kept clean and dry. If there is a heating system, it should not be switched on during the transport of fertilizers. Note: fertilizers can absorb moisture from wooden floors, even if they appear to be dry. During rail transport, check that the freight car is clean and dry. Check the discharge chute and the rubber sealing on the roof.
Protect load against moisture
Fertilizers containing ammonium nitrate and/or ammonium sulphate absorb moisture. This frequently results in product caking and a deterioration in quality. It is thus necessary to stop handling goods during damp weather such as rain, snowfall and fog, and not to expose goods to the effects of wetness:
- Check the seal faces of the ship’s hatch covering prior to loading; when closed, the hatches must be airtight. Keep bilge water away and close the aeration and deaeration for the loading spaces.
- Prior to loading, the truck driver must ensure that there are no indications of losses through trickling and no possibility of moisture entering. The tarpaulin must be lashed firmly.
- In the event of precipitation, immediately stop loading or unloading and completely close the ship’s hatches or the loading openings.
Load with caution
In order to load the fertilizer into the storage box in a dry state, comply with the following:
- Never unload onto wet, dirty storage surfaces. Before unloading the fertilizer, tip any water that is present out of the truck’s tarpaulin.
- If contamination and/or the absorption of moisture should occur, separate the affected product, process it and dispose of it properly (e.g. dissolve in a manure container and spread).
- Check the outlets of the railway car for lumps or foreign objects.